Communication: new case No. 0524 of 2021

IDENTIFIER
62021CN0524
LANGUAGE
English
COURT
Court of Justice of the European Union
AG OPINION
NO
REQUEST DATE
REFERENCES MADE
0
REFERENCED
0
DOCUMENT TYPE
Communication: new case

Judgment



20.12.2021   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

C 513/17


Request for a preliminary ruling from the Curtea de Apel București (Romania) lodged on 24 August 2021 — I.G. v Agenția Județeană de Ocupare a Forței de Muncă Ilfov

(Case C-524/21)

(2021/C 513/26)

Language of the case: Romanian

Referring court

Curtea de Apel București

Parties to the main proceedings

Applicant/appellant: I.G.

Defendant/respondent: Agenția Județeană de Ocupare a Forței de Muncă Ilfov

Questions referred

1.

Having regard to the autonomous concept of a ‘state of insolvency’, are Articles 1(1) and 2(1) of Directive 2008/94 (1) to be interpreted as precluding national legislation transposing the directive — Article 15(1) and (2) of Legea nr. 200/2006 privind constituirea și utilizarea Fondului de garantare pentru plata creanțelor salariale (Law No 200/2006 on the establishment and use of the Guarantee Fund for the Payment of Salary Claims), in conjunction with Article 7 of the Normele metodologice de aplicare a Legii nr. 200/2006 (Methodological rules for the application of Law No 200/2006) — as interpreted by the Înalta Curte de Casație și Justiție, Completul pentru dezlegarea unor chestiuni de drept (High Court of Cassation and Justice, Section for the resolution of questions of law), in Decision No 16/2018, according to which the period of three months for which the Guarantee Fund may take over and pay the salary debts of an insolvent employer refers exclusively to the date on which the insolvency proceedings are opened?

2.

Are [the second paragraph of] Article 3 and Article 4(2) of Directive 2008/94 to be interpreted as precluding Article 15(1) and (2) of Law No 200/2006 on the establishment and use of the Guarantee Fund for the Payment of Salary Claims, as interpreted by the High Court of Cassation and Justice in Decision No 16/2018, according to which the maximum period of three months for which the Guarantee Fund may take over and pay the salary debts of an insolvent employer falls within the reference period spanning the three months immediately preceding the opening of the insolvency proceedings and the three months immediately after the opening of the insolvency proceedings?

3.

Is it consistent with the social objective of Directive 2008/94 and with Article 12(a) thereof for a national administrative practice to rely on a decision of the Curtea de Conturi (Court of Auditors) and, in the absence of any specific national rules requiring restitution by the employee, to recover from the employee sums allegedly paid in respect of periods not covered by the legislation or which were claimed after expiry of the limitation period?

4.

In the interpretation of the concept of ‘abuse’ in Article 12(a) of Directive 2008/94, does the act of recovering from the employee, with the stated aim of complying with the general limitation period, salary entitlements paid by the Fund through the intermediary of the liquidator constitute a sufficient, objective justification?

5.

Are an interpretation and a national administrative practice whereby salary debts which an employee is required to repay are treated like tax debts, bearing interest and late-payment penalties, consistent with the provisions and objective of the directive?


(1)  Directive 2008/94/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2008 on the protection of employees in the event of the insolvency of their employer (OJ 2008 L 283, p. 36).



Citations

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