Official Journal of the European Union
Judgment of the Court (Tenth Chamber) of 28 April 2022 (request for a preliminary ruling from the Landgericht Saarbrücken — Germany) — Koch Media GmbH v FU
(Case C-559/20) (1)
(Reference for a preliminary ruling - Intellectual property rights - Directive 2004/48/EC - Article 14 - Concepts of ‘legal costs’ and ‘other expenses’ - Warning notice in order to ensure enforcement of intellectual property rights out of court - Lawyers’ fees - Classification - National provision limiting the amount of those costs recoverable under certain conditions)
Language of the case: German
Parties to the main proceedings
Applicant: Koch Media GmbH
Operative part of the judgment
Article 14 of Directive 2004/48/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the enforcement of intellectual property rights is to be interpreted as meaning that the expenses incurred by a holder of intellectual property rights in respect of his or her representation by a lawyer in order to ensure that those rights are enforced out of court, such as the costs of giving warning notice, are covered by the concept of ‘other expenses’ within the meaning of that provision.
Article 14 of Directive 2004/48 is to be interpreted as not precluding a national provision which provides that, in a situation where the infringement of an intellectual property right has been committed by a natural person outside his or her trade or profession, the reimbursement of ‘other expenses’ referred to in that provision, which the rightholder may claim, is calculated on a flat-rate basis of the value in dispute limited by that provision, unless the national court considers that, in view of the specific characteristics of the case before it, the application of such a limitation is unfair.
(1) OJ C 35, 1.2.2021.